LGBT rights in Angola

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LGBT rights in Angola
Angola
Angola
Same-sex sexual activity legal? Illegal
Discrimination protections No

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Angola face legal issues not experienced by non-LGBT citizens. Both male and female homosexual acts are illegal in Angola. In 2010, the Angolan government refused to receive openly gay Isi Yanouka as the new Israeli ambassador, due to his sexuality[1].

Constitutional Rights

LGBT citizens are not expressly mentioned in the Constitution, ratified in 1992, but several provisions may impact the legal right of LGBT Angolians [1].

  • Article 08 - Separation between Church and State
  • Article 20 - Right to the, "free development of his or her personality..."
  • Article 29 - Protection of marriage and family by the State.
  • Article 32(3) - Prohibits the free expression that are contrary to the law.
  • Article 35 - Freedom of the press.
  • Article 47 - Right to health care.

Criminal laws

Articles 70 and 71 prohibit private, adult and consensual homosexual acts as, "an offense against public morality". Criminal laws against homosexuality were first introduced during Portuguese colonial rule and have remained after independence. The law stipulates that repeat offenders can be sentenced to labor camps [2]

Discrimination & Harassment

It is unknown what specific policies or proposals the National Front for the Liberation of Angola, Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola had for LGBT citizens. Democratization efforts began to develop in the 1990s as part of the peace process and a seize fire has been in effect since 2002.

In 2008, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) won a majority of legislative seats. While it is a member of the Socialist International, which supports LGBT-rights, the ruling party has avoided LGBT-rights issues

Likewise, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNIT) and the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) have avoided the subject of LGBT-rights. As of 2010, no laws exist to prohibit discrimination or harassment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

Society

Religious beliefs strongly infuence how Angolan citizens relate to LGBT people. Most Angolan citizens affiliate with Protestant or Catholic faith that views homosexuality and cross-dressing as sinful behavior. The second largest religion would be indigenous religious beliefs, whose views on LGBT people are unknown, and the third largest religion in Angola is Islam. Angolan LGBT people report being verbally and physical harassment [3].

Family

Socially, Angolan religious values do not support same-sex marriage or LGBT adopting or having custody of children. Significant social pressure is put on people to marry a suitable partner of the opposite sex and raise a family [4].

As of 2010, no legal recognition exists for same-sex couples. In 2005, the unofficial commitment ceremony of a gay couple, was treated as, "shameless" and "abonimable" in the national news magazines. [5]

HIV/AIDS

The criminal laws and social stigma make it difficult to target AIDS-HIV education programs for LGBT people. The high level of poverty means that many people who are infected find it difficult to access medical care and other necessities of life. Employment protection for people living with the disease exists since 2003.

Efforts to develop educational program specifically for LGBT people have struggled to receive funding from NGO's. The first association, Acção Humana (Human Action), was launched in 2006 but has been unable to receive funding. In 2007, a study on AIDS-HIV estimated that roughly five percent of HIV infections are from men who have sex with other men [6].

National legislation to criminalize people who intentionally infect another person with AIDS-HIV has been debated in 2004 and 2007, but failed to pass.

See also

Notes

External links

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*Some information provided in whole or in part by http://en.wikipedia.org/