LGBT rights in Ethiopia
|LGBT rights in Ethiopia|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Illegal|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Ethiopia do not exist; all homosexual activity is recognized by Ethiopian law as a sexual crime, and the promotion of homosexuality is overwhelmingly rejected by Ethiopian society.
According to the 2007 Pew Global Attitudes Project, 97% of Ethiopian residents said that homosexuality should be rejected by society, which was the second-highest percentage rejecting homosexuality among the 44 countries surveyed, exceeded only by Mali at 98%.
Laws against homosexuality
Both male and female homosexual acts are illegal in Ethiopia. The AIDS Resource Center in Addis Ababa reported that the majority of self-identified gay and lesbian callers (75% were male) requested assistance in changing their behavior to avoid discrimination. Many gay men reported anxiety, confusion, identity crises, depression, self-ostracizing, religious conflict, and suicide attempts. In 2007 Addis Ababa reported at least 5 mob lynchings involving gay men. In December 2008, nearly a dozen religious figures adopted a resolution against homosexuality, urging lawmakers to endorse a ban on homosexual activity in the constitution.
Under Ethiopian law, homosexual activity is punishable by up to 5 years imprisonment. A homosexual act is never considered a victimless crime in Ethiopian law; rather, the wording of the penal code recognizes that it is an act of an aggressor against a victim. Consequently, the offense of the aggressor is considered aggravated, when it results in the suicide of the victim.
Mainstream Ethiopian social mores are broadly influenced by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and Muslim religious life.
- Ottosson, Daniel (May 2008). State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults Pages 14â€“15. International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA). Retrieved on 2009-05-05.
- Pew Global Attitudes Project PDF
- "2008 Human Rights Reports: Ethiopia - Section 5 Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons", United States Department of State website (accessed 26 May 2009)
- Criminal Code of Ethiopia (2005) Â§ 630.2.c.
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