LGBT rights in Iceland
|LGBT rights in Iceland|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal since 1940,|
age of consent equalized in 1992
|Registered partnerships since 1996|
Same-sex marriage not recognized
|Adoption||Partners may adopt partner's biological children|
|Military service||Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly|
|Discrimination protections||Sexual orientation protections (see below)|
Iceland, as culturally related to Scandinavia, is a very liberal and secular country concerning lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights. The majority of the public is supportive of homosexuality and gay pride parades are held every August. In February 2009 a minority government took office, headed by JÃ³hanna SigurÃ°ardÃ³ttir, the world's first openly gay head of government in modern times. The Government, which has recognised registered partnerships since 1996, is currently working on a same-sex marriage bill.
Former laws against homosexuality
Laws governing homosexuality were repealed in 1940. In 1992 The Althing passed a radical amendment (no. 40/1992) to the clauses in the section on public decency in the penal code of 1940, now renamed Sexual Offences. The age of consent was set at 14,  - sexual intercourse between individuals, of 14 and above, was in other words legal as long as both parties consented. No distinction was now made between parties according to sex and all discrimination against homosexuals relating to the age of consent was eliminated.
Transsexual persons have the right to change their legal gender.
Recognition of same-sex relationships
Registered partnerships between same-sex couples became legal in 1996. In 2000, The Althing passed an amendment to the law on registered partnerships, no. 87/1996. According to this, the rights of foreign nationals living in Iceland were extended to allow them to register their partnerships here, and recognition was made of the reciprocal validity of this legal act in those countries that have comparable laws.
Adoption and family planning
Icelandic adoption laws include the right to adopt one's partners' biological children. Hereto on June 27, 2006, a new law went into force, making same-sex couples eligible for all adoption, surrogacy and insemination purposes.
The Althing passed amendments to clauses Â§180 and Â§233 of the general penal code, relating to discrimination on grounds of nationality, color, race, religion or sex, adding the words "on grounds of sexual orientation". This made it illegal to refuse people goods or services on account of their sexual orientation, or to attack a person or group of people publicly with mockery, defamation, abuse or threats because of their sexual orientation.
Despite its small population, ReykjavÃk has a visible gay scene, with a couple of bars and cafes, and some places with a mixed gay and straight crowd. Elsewhere in Iceland, however, the sparse population means there is no gay scene.
LGBT rights movement in Iceland
Gay people have been represented by SamtÃkin '78 since it was founded in 1978. Campaigning for equality has changed the general attitudes of Icelanders over the years, and they are usually compared to the liberal attitudes of the other Nordic countries.
- Google Translate
- Reykjavik Gay Pride : Homosexuality & Law
- Iceland Likely to Permit Gay Marriage by June
- Iceland is fine-tuning marriage-equality bill
- Frumvarp til laga um breytingar Ã¡ hjÃºskaparlÃ¶gum og fleiri lÃ¶gum og um brottfall laga um staÃ°festa samvist (ein hjÃºskaparlÃ¶g). AlÃ¾ingi. Retrieved on 24 March 2010.
- HjÃºskaparlÃ¶g, staÃ°fest samvist o.fl. (ein hjÃºskaparlÃ¶g)
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