LGBT rights in Indonesia
|LGBT rights in Indonesia|
|Same-sex sexual activity legal?||Legal, except for Muslims in Aceh province|
|No recognition of same-sex couples|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Indonesia may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity is legal in most of Indonesia, but Aceh province has instituted Islamic Sharia law for Muslim residents of the province. Indonesian same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex married couples.
Laws against homosexuality
Private, adult and consensual homosexual acts are legal in most of Indonesia.
A proposal to criminalize homosexuality nationwide failed in 2003. Legislation was proposed by the Justice Ministry to amend the criminal code so as to criminalize heterosexual and homosexual sodomy with up to twelve years in prison, but the bill failed. The proposed legislation would have criminalized cohabitation, adultery and the practice of witchcraft.
In 2002, the Indonesian Government gave Aceh province the right to introduce Islamic sharia. Enforcement applies only to Muslims. For example, the city of Palembang introduced jail and fines, for homosexual sex.
Some of the Islamic ordinances local governments have adopted include prohibitions on cross-dressing.
Recognition of same-sex relationships
The law does not recognize gay marriage, civil unions or domestic partnership benefits.
Adoption and family planning
As of 2009, there are no laws protecting the adoption of children by same-sex couples.
LGBT rights movement in Indonesia
In 1982 the first gay rights interest group was established in Indonesia. The "Lambda Indonesia" and other similar organization arose in the late 1980s and 1990s . Today, some of the major LGBT associations in the nation include "Gaya Nusantara", "Arus Pelangi".
Yogyakarta, Indonesia, hosted a 2006 summit on LGBT rights that produced the Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in Relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.. However, a summit in March 2010 in Surabaya was met with condemnation from the Indonesian Council of Ulema and disrupted by conservative protesters.
Unlike many other Muslim countries, Indonesia is relatively tolerant of homosexuality. As in many countries in South East Asia, it is a part of everyday life. Even in the media several gay or transsexual prominent people exist. Nevertheless this subject is low key and not openly talked about. Fanatical Muslim groups have been known to attack gay men, e.g. at an anti-AIDS meeting in Solo, where the participants were attacked by a masked band of several hundred people.
Legal guidelines regarding HIV/AIDS do not exist although AIDS is a major problem in most countries in the region. Those infected with HIV traveling to Indonesia can possibly be refused entry or threatened with quarantine.
- Gaya Nusantara
- Arus Pelangi
- Sexuality and Nation in Indonesia
- Between Religion and Desire: Being A Gay Muslim in Indonesia
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