LGBT rights in Slovakia

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LGBT rights in Slovakia
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Same-sex sexual activity legal? Legal since 1962,
age of consent equalized in 1990
Gender identity/expression -
Recognition of
No recognition of same-sex relationships
Adoption -
Military service Gays and lesbians allowed to serve
Discrimination protections Sexual orientation protection since 2002
(see below)

Lesbian, gay bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Slovakia face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Slovakia, but households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex couples.

Slovakia, unlike its liberal counterpart Czech Republic, is more conservative on issues dealing with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights.

Laws against homosexuality

Homosexual sex was legalized in 1962. The age of consent was equalized with the heterosexual age of 15 in 1990.[1]

Recognition of same-sex relationships

Discrimination protections

An Anti-Discrimination Act was adopted in 2004, in requirement with EU protocols on anti-discrimination in its member states. The Act, broadened in 2008, makes it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation in a wide variety of areas, including employment, education, housing, social care and the provision of goods and services.[2]

Living conditions

For a Central European country, Slovakia is highly conservative, with a high percentage of Catholics. [3] The situation is comparable to the one in Western Europe in the 1970s but is more favourable than the present situation in Poland.[4] Slovakia's first Gay pride event took place on 22 May 2010 in Bratislava. A crowd of about a thousand was greeted by right-wing groups. While the National and Bratislava's municipal police forces kept the two sides apart, several anti-protesters were able to infiltrate Pride and throw stones at speakers and dispearse tear gas into the crowd. Pride demonstrators had to cancel their march through the city center, but were able to cross the Danube under police protection. 29 persons were arrested.[5] There is a reasonable gay scene in the Slovak republic with over 10 bars and clubs in Bratislava [6]. A Pew Global Attitudes Project survey recorded that 68% of Slovaks believe that homosexuality should be accepted by society. An additional European Union poll shows 19% of Slovaks support gay marriage [7].

See also



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