Roberta Cowell, (born May 21, 1921), became the first known British male-to-female transsexual to undergo vaginoplasty on May 15, 1951 via a surgical method invented and performed by Dr. Harold Gillies. This occurred 2 years before Christine Jorgensen's surgery in Denmark. Roberta Cowell's surgical transformation and friendship with the female-to-male transsexual Michael Dillon, also operated on by Dr. Harold Gillies, is documented in the book "The First Man-Made Man" by Pagan Kennedy.  Prior to transition, Cowell had been a spitfire pilot in World War Two and racing driver called "Robert Cowell".
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